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His Rein
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Chem X- The Chemistry of The First Emperor of China
His Rein
His Quest for Immortality
The Emperor's Necropolis
The Terracotta Warriors
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The ruler who although considered a brutal dictator, became more important to his country than the hundreds after him.

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Picture 1 of The Great Wall of China-from my personal collection.

A Background.

Qin Shi Huangdi wasn't always known as Qin Shi Huangdi or as an emperor at all. He was born in 259 BC as Ying Zheng. The man officially known as his father was Zhuang Xiang the future king of the Qin state, and his mother was Zhao Ji. I say officially known as his father because there was an ancient speculation that Ying Zheng was actually the son of another. Like many other women of ancient China his mother had previously been the concubine of a wealthy merchant by the name Lu Buwei. Some thought that Ying Zheng was Lu Buwei's son and not Zhuang Xiang's.

In 246 BC Ying Zeng's father finally became king of the Qin state. But soon after his father retained power he died leaving his now thirteen year old son as his successor. Ying Zeng was obviously at too young of an age to properly rule so his mother and Lu Buwei became his advisors. It is also during this time that another sex scandal arose. I will touch back on that later.

I have mentioned the state of Qin and some of you are probably puzzled as to what exactly I am talking about. At this point in time in China's history China was nothing but masses of land made up of seven feudal states. Qin being one of them.

People love scandal, so I will explain the scandal that happened that made Ying Zheng take control of what by birth was rightfully his. It happens that around the time of when Ying Zheng was in his early twenties that his mother had an affair with what he and others dismissed as a eunuch, and had children by him. When the soon to be first emperor of China found out Lao Ai ( the presumed eunuch) tried to stage a revolt in effort to kill Ying Zheng and take the throne for himself. It didn't work, and as punishment Ying Zheng ordered his death and the death of all his family including those children by his mother. Subsequently he removed his mother and Lu Buwei from power and appointed Lao Ai as his new prime minister in an effort to strengthen his cabinet and set up his own "safety net". He was now twenty-two years old.

His Accomplishments.

Qin Shi Huangdi is known for great accomplishments. Among these is the well known Great Wall of China, pictured above. He is also known as the man who made China. What he did for China and his new country is best known as the " three unifications ". He gave China standardized weights and measures, a currency to be used through out the entire empire, and a unification of the Chinese written language. Of course all of it was based on what the state of Qin had in effect, but it gave an order and organization that the land had never seen before. He did all of this before he was a middle-aged man. He ordered the making o roads to link the directions of his country. He is also well known for his mastery in political and militarily skills and execution. How else would he have created the country that still exists today?

His Legacy.

The legacy of Ying Zheng is not one to be questioned. He built a wall across his empire more than 4,000 miles long. He created the country, killed many and changed everything. Some say it was for the better and some say it was for the worst. Those who say it was for the better believe his pros out-weigh his cons, and those who say it was for the worse think the cons out-weigh everything. However, the question still remains: what would have become of the feuding states if he had not taken his place in history, if he was a straight pacifist like that of Gandhi ? (I am in no way comparing the first emperor to Gandhi, it is not my intention). He even left something for people to ponder after his death. His necropolis and the well known Terracotta Warriors of Xi'an. The mysteries they hold will be touched upon in further sections.

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Picture 2 of The Great Wall of China also from my personal collection.

His Name/Origin of The Word "Emperor".

As I said before, the emperor Qin Shi Huangdi wasn't always known as an emperor or as Qin Shi Huangdi. The king himself actually created the term emperor. He saw his combining of the seven feudal states as a great accomplishment, greater than that of any before him, and to secure and signify his supreme and sacred status as a feudal ruler he combined the names of those who had preceded him. He combined the names of San Huang and Wu di to form Huangdi and adding Qin Shi. The meaning of that name comes in various forms. Its said to mean anything from " First August God" to quite literally "First Emperor". With this title he imagined his dynasty (the Qin) lasting forever with his descendant’s rule reaching 10,000 generations into the future. Quite ironically it lasted only three years after his death in 210 BC (I discuss the way in which he died in future pages). And although his dynasty only lasted for twenty-eight years his legacy would last for thousands to come.

The Chemistry Between Him and His Peoples/His Violent Actions.

The first emperor of China wasn't exactly known as a people person. He has been described as an evil tyrant and dictator feared by his people. He wanted to control their minds, and he did that by force. Any who opposed him were immediately dealt with and that more than most of the time meant death. He is said to have killed entire families based on one member who had seemingly betrayed him. I use the term 'seemingly' because it was only his gut and personal opinions on a person that lead him to his decisions. No evidence was needed. Only his "intuition" was required for him to determine someone's untimely death. Strangely enough he had good reason to be paranoid as three attempts on his life had already been made. The philosophy of " what goes around comes around.." is almost a perfect fit when describing the life of the first emperor. I think the that the probability of him being taught the golden rule when he was a child is almost slim to none.

Despite his violent actions he is seen today as an intelligent man who accomplished what was said to be impossible. Generations of people are grateful to him and respect him for making what they now call home, despite his bloody history.

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The first emperor himself.

Click here to go back to the Emperor's home page.

Click here to go to; His Quest for Immortality.

Click here to view; The Emperor's Necropolis.

Click on this link to see; The Terracotta Warriors.

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That's all for now folks!

Click here to go to the AACE web page.